Constructive Conversation Skills Poster  ( PDF)
This tool shows four important conversation skills, their icons, and sentence starters to help students engage in purposeful and extended interactions.

Conversation Observation & Analysis Tool 
This assessment tool helps users to observe conversations and take notes on what teachers are doing and can do, what students are doing and can do, and next steps.

Math Constructive Conversation Skills Poster  (PDF)
This tool helps students build four key conversation skills for working together on math ideas and problems.

Argument Balance Scale Visual Organizer - 2D  ( 3D version
This visual helps students to evaluate and weigh the evidence for and against two different positions.

Math Paired Conversation Protocol (PDF) 
This tool guides pairs through an effective conversation to collaboratively solve complex math problems.

Argumentation Activities
This set of activities helps students practice their abilities to build and challenge ideas using evidence-based reasoning.

Causes & Effects Visual Organizer  (PDF)
This visual helps students to engage in cause and effect thinking and assign values to their ideas.


Stronger & Clearer Each Time Overview
This overview describes how to help students build language and content as they talk with successive partners

Opinion Formation Cards (TV)   (Cell phones)
This activity provides students with an opportunity to build language as they talk with successive partners to strengthen their opinions on an issue.

Authentic Communication Design and Observation Tool 
This tool helps teachers to use three features of communicativeness to improve language development activities across disciplines.​

Information Gap Activities
These activities provide or leverage different information to students in a pair or group who need to share it and listen to others in order to accomplish a task.


Wide-Angle Reading Frame
This visual helps students to create a mental framework before and during reading in order to keep the purpose(s) of the text in mind.

Comprehension Target
This visual helps students to evaluate the usefulness of thoughts that emerge during reading and listening.

Literature Theme Organizer
This visual helps students to see ways in which to generate and support multiple themes from different types of texts.

Narrative Structure Map
This visual helps students to organize events in a typical narrative when they are reading or writing.

Cause-Effect Diagram
This visual helps students to infer causes and effects in history, science, and literature-based texts.


Math Reasoning and Argumentation Analysis Tool

Conversation Observation & Analysis Tool 

Reading Comprehension Observation Tool


Inquiry Cycle Diagram
This visual tool shows the reflection cycle with a backward-planned inquiry in the center, and is useful for engaging in iterative evidence-based cycles of growth and improvement